Nehru Museum of Science and Technology is a museum located at IIT Kharagpur campus at a distance of approximately 13 kms away from Kharagpur City. The museum is an imposing building, bearing resemblance to the Byzantine style of architecture

The museum was established in the infamous Hijli Detention Camp of the pre-Independence era, with an aim to present the developments in diverse areas of science and technology through models and images. Hijli Detention camp building is now named as Hijli Saheed Bhavan and it houses Nehru Museum of Science & Technology and is managed by IIT Kharagpur.

Many functions are organized like exhibitions of scientific and technical models and gadgets, creative arts and crafts etc, for the education of the common mass. Famous IIT professors are often seen giving lectures at this place and the museum provides an opportunity to young minds at the school and college level to learn and rediscover scientific principles by performing experiments. Hijli Martyrs Day on 16th of September, National science Day on 28th of February, organizations of science exhibitions are the main events organised in this museum.

Nehru Museum of Science and Technology is a transformation factor for the people living in Kharagpur. Organisation of the Inter Hall Model making competition among the students of IIT Kharagpur, designing and development of multimedia CD presentation on the diverse field of science & technology for the school children are some of its other activities. There is no entry fees. The Museum is open to visitors throughout the year during timings 9. 30 AM to 12. 30 PM and then from 3. 00 PM to 6. 30 PM. Museum remains closed on Saturdays, Sundays and on all Institute Holidays.