Golconda Fort is more than a Fort and a little tiny city in itself. The fort is built on a granite hill which is 120 meters high and its surrounded by battlement ramparts.
Golconda, also known as Golkonda or Golla konda, a fort of Southern India and capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, is situated 11 kilometres west of Hyderabad. The region is known for the mines that have produced some of the world's most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, the Hope Diamond and the Nassak Diamond.
Over a period of 62 years, the mud fort built by the Kakatiya dynasty was expanded by Qutb Shahi sultans into a massive fortification of granite, extending around 5 km in circumference. Precious stones like diamonds and rubies were once studded on the walls of the Palace and the fountain in the lawns added charm to its majestic beauty.
It consists of four distinct forts with a 10 km long outer wall with 87 semicircular bastions, eight gateways, and four drawbridges, with a number of royal apartments and halls, temples, mosques, magazines, stables, etc. inside. The lowest of these is the outermost enclosure into which we enter by the "Fateh Darwaza" (Victory gate) studded with giant iron spikes near the south-eastern corner. At Fateh Darwaza can be experienced a fantastic acoustic effect, characteristic of the engineering marvels at Golkonda. A hand clap at a certain point below the dome at the entrance reverberates and can be heard clearly at the 'Bala Hisar' pavilion, the highest point almost a kilometer away. The gate is decorated with roundels, yalis, peacocks and lions designs which is a blend of Hindu -Muslim architecture.
The ventilation of the fort is absolutely fabulous having exotic designs. They were so intricately designed that cool breeze could reach the interiors of the fort, providing a respite from the heat of summer. The Fort is also famous for hot and cold water supply system, Turkish baths and ruins of beautiful palaces and lawns which makes Golconda Fort all the more magnificent.
The tombs of the Qutub Shahi sultans lie about one kilometer north of Golconda's outer wall. These structures are made of beautifully carved stonework, and surrounded by landscaped gardens. Its said that there is a secret tunnel built underground which leads to foot of the hill from the ‘Durbar Hall’ and also there is a secret tunnel which leads you til Charminar.
The two individual pavilions on the outer side of Golkonda are also major attractions of the fort, Naya Qila, Hatiyan ka Jhad, Toli Masjid, Kala Mandir, a war museum are some of the sight seeings around the fort. The Sound and Light Show at the Golconda Fort attracts a large number of people to witness the events depicting the past of the fort using various sound and light effects. The most pleasant months for sightseeing are the winter months (October to February).