Jama Masjid Gulbarga is a Mosque located in Gulbarga City. It is at a distance of about 2-3 km from the city center of Kalaburagi. It is regarded as one of the best examples of mosque architecture in South Asia. The arches' design of Jama Masjid Gulbarga reflects in the interiors of Spanish Mosque of Hyderabad, India. These are only two mosques in India which have interiors similar to the Great Cathedral-Mosque of Cordoba in Spain.
Jama Masjid Gulbarga was built by Mohammed Shah I (r. 135875) to commemorate Gulbarga as the capital of the Bahmani Sultanate. It is built inside the Gulbarga Fort and is a unique mosque with a huge dome and smaller ones as embellishments. It was built in 1367 AD, by a Spanish (Moorish) architect. The structure measures 216' X 176' and has a large dome on the west side and middle-size domes at the four corners of the mosque, which looks very beautiful to see. This high central dome is given even greater prominence by being slightly larger and because it is placed on an arcade, forming a square cloister that rises above the smaller domes. Instead of having a courtyard, it has 63 small domes in lines in the central area. The main entrance is at the north side and has a higher arch-shaped gate than the other sides. The outer walls, which usually are solid, are instead open arcades to allow in the much-needed light that would generally be filtered in from a courtyard. In the west prayer roo,m pillars are painted in white with no decoration. In addition, wide spans of these pillars' supporting large arches create a majestic atmosphere. It is regarded as one of the most architecturally unique mosques in its form and structure in South Asia. Jama Masjid Gulbarga is a rare example of an Indian mosque without a courtyard as the entire structure is covered with a roof. The style is neither Persian nor Indian, but both are amalgamated so as both can be unidentifiable. The style of this mosque did not find favour in India, though it may have inspired in a limited way the design of the Kali Masjid and Khirki Masjid built in Delhi shortly afterwards.
Muslims from over the country visit here to offer their respects. The month of Ramadan is the most celebrated month and the masjid takes on a festive look during that time. If one visits there during prayer time, one might get a chance to pray. Footwear is not allowed and traditional full clothes are recommended. A camera for taking pictures or videos is allowed inside. One to two hours time is sufficient for the visit.
Jama Masjid can be visited during timings 6:00 AM - 6:00 PM every day.