Vellore located on the banks of Palar River in the north-eastern part of Tamil Nadu, about 145 km west of the state capital Chennai. Vellore lies in the Eastern Ghats region and Palar river basin.
Vellore Fort is the most prominent landmark in the city. The fort houses a church, a mosque and a Hindu temple, the latter known for its carvings. The fortifications consist of a main rampart, broken at irregular intervals by round towers and rectangular projections. The main walls are built of massive granite stones, surrounded by a broad moat fed with water by subterranean pipes from the Suryagunta reservoir.
Within the fort is the similarly aged Jalakanteswara Temple. It is a noteworthy example of military architecture in South India. The fort houses the Tipu Mahal where Tipu Sultan is believed to have stayed with his family during the war with the British; the graves of Tipu's sons are found at Vellore.
The State Government Museum is inside the fort. It was opened to the public in 1985. It consists of objects of art, archaeology, prehistory, weapons, sculptures, bronzes, wood carvings, handicrafts, numismatics, philately, botany, geology and zoology. Historical monuments of the erstwhile composite North Arcot District are contained in the gallery. Special exhibits include a bronze double sword from Vellore Taluk dating to 400 BC, stone sculptures from the late Pallava to Vijayanagar periods, ivory chess boards and coins used by the last Kandian King of Sri Lanka, Vikrama Raja Singha.
Sri Lakshmi Temple, popularly known as Golden Temple, is a newly built temple and spiritual park situated at the foot of a small range of green hills in Thirumalaikodi approximately 8 km from the Vellore bus terminus. The temple covers an area of 100 acres and has been constructed by Vellore-based Sri Narayani Peedam headed by Sakthi Amma. It has intricate carvings, hand-made by hundreds of gold artisans specializing in temple architecture. The exterior is laid with gold sheets and plates. About 1,500 kg of gold was used, the largest amount in the world.
Vellore Fort, Government Museum, Science Park, Vainu Bappu Observatory, Amirthi Zoological Park, Religious places such as Jalakandeswarar Temple, Srilakshmi Golden Temple, Ratnagiri Murugan Temple, Wallajapet Dhanvantri Temple, Sri Veera Vijaya Anjaneya Swami temple at D.P Palayam and Ponnai Navagraha Kottai Temple. Big Mosque and St. John's Church and Yelagiri Hill station are the among top tourist attractions in and around Vellore.