Tiruchirappalli also called Tiruchi or Trichy, situated on the banks of the river Cauvery located at 322 km south of Chennai. Trichy has several beautiful temples, churches and a large number of scenic spots. Once the citadel of the Chola kings, the fort has seen the passing of dynasties.
Tiruchirappalli's recorded history begins in the 3rd century BC, when it was under the rule of the Cholas. The most prominent historical monuments in Tiruchirappalli include the Rockfort, the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam and the Jambukeswarar temple at Thiruvanaikaval.
The Rockfort is a fortress which stands atop a 273-foot-high rock, its estimated age of 3,800 million years makes it one of the oldest rocks in the world.. It consists of a set of monolithic rocks accommodating many rock-cut cave temples. The temple complex has three shrines, two of which are dedicated to Lord Ganesha, one at the foot and the Ucchi Pillayar Temple at the top, and the Thayumanavar Temple between them. The Thayumanavar temple, the largest of the three, houses a shrine for Pārvatī as well as the main deity.
The Ranganathaswamy Temple, dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu, is located on the island of Srirangam. Often cited as the largest functioning Hindu temple in the world, it has a perimeter of 4,116 metres and occupies 156 acres. Considered to be among the 108 Divya Desams (Holy shrines of Lord Vishnu).
The Chokkanatha Nayak Palace, it has now been converted into a museum. The Nawab's palace, the Railway Heritage Centre, The world's oldest surviving dam, the Kallanai about 18 km from Uraiyur, was built across the Kaveri River by Karikala Chola in the 2nd century AD, are some of the other important structures in Tiruchirappalli. Other prominent hillocks include the Golden Rock, Khajamalai, and one each at Uyyakondan Thirumalai and Thiruverumbur.
Trichy is famous for its rich cultural and wonderful architectural heritage and the town represents a fine blend of tradition and modernity. It is also famous for artificial diamonds, cigars, handloom cloth, glass bangles and wooden and clay toys.