Kanchipuram is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, 72 km from Chennai. This historical city is a religious centre of advanced education for Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism between the 1st and 5th centuries. The Buddhist monasteries in and around acted as nucleus of the Buddhist educational system. Although Kanchipuram was reputed to be the centre of Buddhism in South India, and was visited by Chinese Buddhist monks, there are no remains of the Buddhist presence today. The city houses Varadharaja Perumal Temple, Ekambareswarar Temple, Kamakshi Amman Temple, and Kumarakottam Temple, which are some of major Hindu temples in the state. Of the 108 holy temples of the Hindu god Vishnu, 14 are located in Kanchipuram. The city is well known for its hand woven artistic silk sarees and most of the city's workforce is involved in the weaving industry. Hindus regard Kanchipuram to be one of the seven holiest cities in India.
Kanchipuram has been chosen as one of the heritage cities for HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India due to its historic background. Kanchipuram is well-connected by road and rail. Chennai International Airport is the nearest domestic and international airport to the city, which is located at Tirusulam in Kanchipuram district.
The Kanchipuram region is rich in medicinal plants, and historic inscriptions mention the medicinal value. Kanchipuram generally experiences hot and humid climatic conditions throughout the year. Temperatures reache an average maximum of 37.5 °C between April and July, and an average minimum of 20.5 °C between December and February. The daytime heat during summer temperatures can reach 43 °C. Relative humidities of between 58% and 84% prevail throughout the year.
Upanishad Bramham Mutt was famous in ancient times is located near Kailasanathar temple, Kanchipuram. It has the Mahasamadhi of Upanishad Brahmayogin, a saint who wrote commentaries on all the major upanishads in Hinduism. The city has two mosques; one near the Ekambareswarar temple was built during the rule of Nawab of Arcot in the 17th century, and another near the Vaikunta Perumal temple shares a common tank with the Hindu temple. Muslims take part in the festivals of the Varadarajaswamy temple. Christ Church is the oldest Christian church in the city. It was built by a British man named Mclean in 1921. The church is built in Scottish style brick structure with arches and pillars.