Ali ka Rauza or as called by Shah Nawab Khan, the Bara Kaman is the unfinished mausoleum of Ali Adil Shah II, situated in Bijapur. The historical monument is the tomb of Ali Adil Shah II, his wives and daughters, the tomb is an exeptional piece of architecture which was originally planned out with 12 arches being placed horizontally and vertically, hence the name. Located in the city at Station Road, Gacchinakatti Colony, the Bara Kaman is 1. 2 km from the heart of Bijapur.
Bara Kaman was built is 1672 by Ali Adil Shah II, it was originally supposed to be the burial site, tomb of the King and his wives. Ali Adil Shah II had a view in this monument being the grandest in Bijapur shadowing other monuments and it is believed that once completed it would have shadowed The Gol Gumbaz which was the mausoleum of his father, Muhammad Adil Shah. The structural design was supposed to have 12 arches placed vertically and horizontally, surrounding the tomb of Ali Adil Shah, however the King was killed before its completion and now the ruins have 12 horizontally and only 2 vertically placed arches.
Malik Sandal was the architect assigned for building the grand monument, the structure has raised walls in concentric arches. On the erected arches, the inner arches were toppled leaving only the outermost arch, iron rings were used instead of cement to hold the stone together. Due to a reason still unknown the construction was stopped with only 2 vertically placed arches leaving the grandest planned monument of Bijapur as an unfulfilled dream. This day, standing in ruins, there are no domes or pillars but only the towering stone walls that are shaped into arches, the construction representing death and immortality as the arhces tried to reach out to each other.
There are many rumours as to why the construction was stalled and never completed. One such is because the monument upon completion would have been mightier and its shadow would have touched and covered Ali Adil Shah II's father Muhammad Adil Shah's tomb, The Gol Gumbaz, knowing this the King stopped the construction. Another theory is that after the death of Muhammad Adil Shah and the succession of Ali Adil Shah II at a very tender age, most of the neighbouring small kingdoms carried out plans to recover their former lands.
Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan appointed his son Aurangzeb to tighten up on the Adil Shai Sultanate, on the other end Shivaji was preparing for an Independent Maratha State, a bout with Shivaji's troop resulted in Afzal Khan's death, which a very big blow to Ali Adil Shah II's rule. These factors too are said to be the contributing points in the history of the Sultanate which resulted in halting the construction of what was the grandest monument planned in Bijapur. However, visiting the ruins even today makes the tourist only wonder what this musoleum would have been in its might if it was completed, the incomplete construction adds to the attraction of this spot as a fragmentary dream. No entry fee for visiting or photography is charged from the tourists, it is advised to visit Bijapur around the start of winters and catch the glimpse of the setting sun over the ruined arches falling partially on the tombs that lay below.
Bara Kaman can be visited during timings 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM.